What Is Collective Bargaining?
Collective bargaining is a process by which employers and employees sit down to discuss the terms and conditions of employment. These discussions lead to a collective bargaining agreement (employment contract) that outlines wages, hours, and working conditions.
A collective bargaining agreement, sometimes referred to as a “union contract,” is a written legal contract between the employer and the and a union representing the employees. The agreement is the result of a collaborative process between the employer and employee regarding topics such as wages, hours, and terms and conditions of employment. The process creates a structured environment for employers and employees to discuss workplace issues and terms and conditions of employment through collaboration and mutual respect.