Wow! This is an extremely well done study. Not only does it address efficiency (similar to the wildland hose lay study the IAFF and Los Angeles County did for NFPA 10 years ago), but it establishes the physiological stress issues very clearly by crew size with very significant peak heart rates for all understaffed crews. This will help with our PSOB efforts for wildland fire fighters and our legislative efforts for presumption for federal fire fighters). And, probably for the first time, it addresses economic factors. If California could have reduced fire loss in San Diego County in 2003 by 10 percent, the state would have saved $250,000,000. The report also shows fire loss could be reduced by addressing crew size. Now that is some coin!