The chain of infection

What is an airborne disease?

Airborne diseases are spread when droplets of pathogens are expelled into the air due to coughing, sneezing or talking.  Airborne diseases of concern to emergency responders include:


  • Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and the spinal cord.

  • Chicken pox

  • Tuberculosis (TB)

  • Influenza


Many of these diseases require prolonged exposure for infection to occur, posing only minimal threat to emergency responders.  However, there are preventive measures, such as wearing masks or maximizing ventilation, that help reduce these risks.

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